Pilot 2.3 | EO-based pollution-health risks profiling in the urban environment

Pilot 2.3 | EO-based pollution-health risks profiling in the urban environment

According to UN's “World Urbanization Prospects: 2014 Revision” the continuing urbanization is projected to add 2.5 billion of urban population by 2050, and the world population living in cities to increase to 66%. Moreover, according to the latest World Health Organization (WHO, 2016) Ambient Air Pollution Global Assessment, only one person in ten lives in a city that complies with the WHO Air Quality (AQ) guidelines. Thus, open access of high quality AQ information to stakeholders in a timely and comprehensible manner to foster informed decision making is imperative.

/ Objectives
  • To improve AQ-health information, from air pollution data and land use/health/socio-economic features of cities, for use in public health assessment and urban planning.
  • To evaluate and exploit citizen science data towards their integration with the official measurements.
  • To strengthen decision making by allowing for pollution mitigation scenarios and provision of alerts.
  • To raise awareness on AQ implications on public health, enhancing the citizen participation.
/ Partners

NOA, DLR, FMI, CNR, IIASA, DRAXIS

/ Key Users

World Bank, United Nations, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Region of Attica (GR), Ministry of Environment and Energy (GR), Hellenic Center for Disease Control & Prevention (GR), Sustainable City Network (assoc. of 35 GR municipalities) (GR), Hellenic Statistical Authority (GR), HSY (Environmental Services Authority) (FI), City of Helsinki (FI), City of Porvoo (FI), NESTE Oy (FI), Bavarian State Ministry of the Environment (DE), Bavarian State Ministry of Health (DE), European Asthma Association (BE), NGO-BUND (DE),

European Federation of Allergy and Airways Diseases Patients Associations – EFA

/ Key Datasets

AQ/land use/health/socio-economic data from the following sources: ACTRIS, CAMS, Sentinel-3, Sentinel-5P, GOME-2, OMI, SCIAMACHY, Global Urban Footprint ‐ Global Multi-temporal Inventory of Human Settlements, ESA Thematic Exploitation Platform Urban, World Data Center for Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, AQ network (Athens), Open AQ Datasets (e.g. https://openaq.org), low cost sensor networks (e.g. http://aircasting.org/about), National Statistical Organizations (NSO)

/ ID Card
Expected outcome of the pilot

The final product will be an online service with global and unique city components utilizing a variety of existing EO infrastructure in conjunction with health and socioeconomic data for health surveillance purposes. The service addresses global, city and municipality scales and further, bridges past (trends), present (analysis) and future (air quality scenarios) to provide a reference space for users and stakeholders to gain thorough insight into urban air quality.  The concept is a modular service consisting of an overarching global/horizontal layer, along with specific/vertical city cases using local data that addresses unique needs. The global component employs existing satellite-driven platforms that contain AQ, socioeconomic and population information for thousands of cities worldwide. Satellite provided AQ information will be also included at the city-level for Munich, Germany and in Finnish cities (Helsinki, Porvoo, and Turku) focusing on industrial emissions. Vienna, Austria will combine citizen science and air quality and gather information on perception of quality of air and health. Lastly, Athens, Greece will incorporate city-scale AQ modeling and dynamic population exposure with health and socioeconomic data at the municipality level. All of these layers will be combined into one harmonious online platform, with the option and hope to incorporate other city layers with their own unique health surveillance needs as the pilot progresses. 

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